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Native vs Non-Native Species

​​​​​​Why Plant Nati​​ve Species?

Native species plants require less water, are more resistant to disease and inclement weather, and thrive naturally in our environment. Compared to non-native species, they are easier to maintain and contribute to local biodiversity. 

Not all non-native species are invasive or hazardous to the local ecology; however, they typically require more resources in order to thrive outside of their natural environment.


Native Tree and S​​hrub Species

Evergreens

White pine (Pinus strobus)
White cedar (Thuja occidentalis)
Balsam fir (Abies balsamea)
White spruce (Picea glauca)
Eastern hemlock (Tsuga Canadensis)

Shade trees

Red oak (Quercus rubra)
Pin oak (Quercus palustris)
Paper birch (Betula papyrifera)
Red maple (Acer rubrum)
Sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
Silver maple (Acer saccharinum)
Butternut (Juglans cinerea)
Shagbark hickory (Carya ovate)

Small trees

Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia)
Red mulberry (Morus rubra)
American mountain ash (Sorbus Americana)
Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina)
Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)
Redbud (Cercis Canadensis)

Shrubs

Red Osier dogwood (Cornus sericea)
Gray dogwood (Cornus stolonifera)
Honeysuckle (Lonicera)
Winterberry holly (Ilex verticillata)
American hazel (Corylus Americana)

Vines and groundcovers

Bittersweet (Celastrus scandens)
Trumpet vine (Campsis radicans)
Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
Bunchberry (Cornus Canadensis)

LEAF - List and Pictures of Native Tree and Shrub Species


Invasive S​​​pecies

Invasive species of plants pose serious risks to the health of native species plants, local ecology, and human habitation. They ​​are aggressive in their consumption of resources and space. They may kill nearby native plants, introduce disease to the area, and hybridize with other plant species during their reproduction. Inv​asive plant species are difficult to control due to their natural aggressiveness, high rate of reproduction, and lack of natural predators in the environment.


Common Invasive Trees and Shrubs

  • Dog-Strangling Vine
  • Manitoba Maple
  • Norway Maple
  • Garlic Mustard
  • Common Buckthorn and Glossy Buckthorn
  • Amur, Morrow, and Tatarian Honeysuckles
  • Japanese Knotweed
  • Giant Hogweed


​​Weed Control - It St​​arts With You!

The Ontario Weed Control Act is enforced by appointed municipal weed inspectors of the Municipal By-law Enforcement Office.

To control the growth and spread of noxious weeds, property owners and tenants are responsible to ensure all weeds on agricultural land or near abutting lands are cut.

Noxious weeds must be maintained/controlled on a continuous basis starting from June 15 annually.

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